Filmmaker, cultural critic, philosopher and author Alexander Kluge was born in 1932 in Halberstadt, Germany. His acclaimed films include Yesterday Girl (1965-66), Germany in Autumn (1978), The Female Patriot (1979), The Candidate (1980) and The Assault of the Present on the Rest of Time (1985). In 1962 he co-signed the Oberhausen Manifesto, which called for a new German cinema with a language freed from traditional formal and commercial constraints. The same year, he co-founded the Ulm Institut für Filmgestaltung. His awards include the Georg-Büchner-Preis (2003) for his literary work, the Adorno Prize (2009) and the Grimme Award (2010) for his work for television.